COP8 BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY 2006
PLEASE USE OUR A-Z INDEX TO NAVIGATE THIS SITE
COP 8 the eighth ordinary meeting of the parties to the convention took place in March 2006, in Curitiba, Brazil.
The conservation and sustainable use of high-seas biodiversity, specifically deep seabed genetic resources beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, was taken up at COP 8 (decision VIII/21), when Parties noted that hydrothermal vent, cold seep, seamount, coldwater coral and sponge reef ecosystems contain genetic resources of great interest for their biodiversity value and for scientific research as well as for present and future sustainable development and commercial applications, and recognized an urgent need to enhance scientific research and cooperation.
The COP requested the Executive Secretary to further analyse and explore options for preventing and mitigating the impacts of some activities to selected seabed habitats.
In decision VIII/24, on protected areas, the COP expressed its deep concern over the range of threats to marine ecosystems and biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction, and recognized that marine protected areas are an essential tool to help achieve conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in these areas.
The COP also recognized that the CBD has a key role in supporting the work of the
United Nations General Assembly with regard to marine protected areas beyond national jurisdiction, by focusing on provision of scientific and, as appropriate, technical information and advice and requested the Executive Secretary to synthesize the best available scientific studies on priority areas for biodiversity conservation in these areas; refine, consolidate and, where necessary, develop further scientific and ecological criteria for the identification of marine areas in need of protection, and biogeographical and other ecological classification systems; and collaborate in the further development of spatial databases containing information on these areas.
SUBSIDIARY BODY ON SCIENTIFIC TECHNICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL ADVICE
The tenth and eleventh meetings of the SBSTTA took place in Bangkok, Thailand, 7 - 11 February 2005 and Montreal, Canada, 28 November - 2 December 2005.
PARTIES TO THE CONVENTION
As of 2016, the Convention on Biological Diversification had 196 parties, which includes 195 states and the European Union. All UN member states - with the exception of the United States - have ratified the treaty.
The United Nations is the link between other Conferences of the Parties to include Climate Change and Desertification. It is a bit confusing to have so many different conferences that deal with interconnected issues. In addition, each member state will have their own meetings on the subject to decide what their position will be at the COPs. We wonder then at the size of the carbon footprints so generated in relation to the effectiveness of the decisions - that at the moment do not appear to be working to stabilize our climate, stop deserts from being created, or protect the habitats of our species.
In our view a climate emergency should have been declared, to accelerate a change from fossil fuels to clean energy harvesting. Not only to protect coral and other endangered species, but also to ensure long term energy security for the parties.
CONFERENCES OF THE PARTIES
The convention's governing body is the Conference of the Parties (COP), consisting of all governments (and regional economic integration organizations) that have ratified the treaty. This ultimate authority reviews progress under the Convention, identifies new priorities, and sets work plans for members.
(a) review of progress in implementation;
(b) strategic actions to enhance implementation;
(c) strengthening means of implementation; and
(d) operations of the convention and the Protocols.
MARINE & COASTAL BIODIVERSITY
There is broad recognition that the seas face unprecedented human-induced threats from industries such as fishing and transportation, the effects of waste disposal, excess nutrients from agricultural runoff, and the introduction of exotic species.
If we fail to understand both the vulnerability and resilience of the living sea, the relatively brief history of the human species will face a tragic destiny.
What's the Problem?
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity
BIODIVERSITY COP HISTORY
CLIMATE CHANGE UN COP HISTORY
DESERTIFICATION COP HISTORY
CONSERVATION RISK - Plastic has accumulated in five ocean hot spots called gyres, see here in this world map derived from information published by 5 Gyres. The plastic is laden with toxins that fish and marine mammals mistake for food and eat - eventually killing them. Marine pollution is thus a major challenge if we are to ensure that species are not wiped out.
LINKS & REFERENCE
This website is provided on a free basis as a public information service. copyright © Cleaner Oceans Foundation Ltd (COFL) (Company No: 4674774) 2019. Solar Studios, BN271RF, United Kingdom. COFL is a company without share capital.